Sex Differences in Response to Visual Sexual Stimuli: A Review
Sexual stimulation is any stimulus including bodily contact that leads to, enhances and maintains sexual arousal , and may lead to orgasm. Although sexual arousal may arise without physical stimulation , achieving orgasm usually requires physical sexual stimulation. The term sexual stimulation often implies stimulation of the genitals , but may also include stimulation of other areas of the body, stimulation of the senses such as sight or hearing and mental stimulation i. Sufficient stimulation of the penis in males and the clitoris in females usually results in an orgasm. Some people practice orgasm control , whereby a person or their sexual partner controls the level of sexual stimulation to delay orgasm, and to prolong the sexual experience leading up to orgasm. Physical sexual stimulation usually consists of touching the genitals or other erogenous zones. Masturbation , erotic massage , sexual intercourse, a handjob or fingering are types of physical sexual stimulation involving the genitals.
Sexual arousal also sexual excitement is typically the arousal of sexual desire during or in anticipation of sexual activity. A number of physiological responses occur in the body and mind as preparation for sexual intercourse and continue during it. Male arousal will lead to an erection , and in female arousal the body's response is engorged sexual tissues such as nipples , vulva , clitoris , vaginal walls , and vaginal lubrication.
Sexual arousal is a construct without a widely shared definition. Historically, sexual arousal has usually referred to a central physiological state, but there has been much less agreement on its relation to motivation, emotion, and - for males - penile erection and ejaculation. Many behavioral and physiological measures have been used as operational definitions of sexual arousal, but the relation of the measure to arousal is often assumed rather than tested.